June 11, 2014

The Different Causes of Female Infertility and Your Options for TreatmentHelping people realize their dreams and start families has always been our goal. We can use a variety of fertility treatment options to address various causes of infertility, carefully tailoring each treatment plan to the needs of those who come to us.

There are many factors to consider when it comes to female fertility. We’d like to take a moment to look at some of the common causes of female infertility and briefly cover some treatment options for these matters.

How common is female infertility?

Female infertility makes up about half of the cases of infertility seen at fertility clinics. The breakdown is very even according to many studies that analyze the patients at fertility clinics and the causes of infertility: one-third is female infertility, one-third is male infertility, and one-third is a combination of male infertility and female infertility.

Disorders That Affect Normal Ovulation

There are numerous issues that affect a woman’s ovulation, accounting for roughly one-quarter of infertile couples/individuals who visit fertility clinics nationwide. These ovulation issues are often related to hormonal imbalances. Some of these disorders include:

  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) – PCOS refers to a condition in which the follicles in the ovaries do not mature and release eggs. The condition also involves hormone imbalances and irregular ovulation.
  • Premature Ovarian Insufficiency – An autoimmune disorder, this refers to cases in which the body attacks its own ovarian tissues. This can also be the result of the premature loss of eggs due to different kinds of genetic and environmental causes.

Problems with the Fallopian Tubes

When a woman’s fallopian tubes are injured or blocked in some way, it is very difficult (in some cases impossible) for sperm to reach and fertilize an egg, and for the fertilized egg to reach the uterus. These fallopian tube issues may be the result of genetics, injury, pelvic surgery, sexually transmitted diseases, and inflammatory diseases.

Issues Affecting the Uterus and/or Cervix

Issues with the cervix and uterus can lead to problems with conception as well as increased risk of a miscarriage. This may include the following:

  • Issues with the shape of the uterus
  • Issues with cervical mucus
  • Polyps and tumors in the uterus

Endometriosis

One serious uterine issue that a person may face is endometriosis. This refers to cases in which tissue that normally grows inside of the uterus winds up growing on the outside of a woman’s uterus and possibly other parts of her reproductive system. This leads to pain and discomfort and can also lead to the development of cysts and scar tissue.

Female Infertility Due to Other Factors

Sometimes female infertility is the result of injury, accidents, the aging process, or even unexplained factors. Usually the unexplained factors are combinations of multiple issues that cause female infertility.

Treatment Options for Female Infertility

There are numerous treatment options to consider to address female infertility. Sometimes this will involve drug and hormone therapy to regular ovulation patterns, or perhaps surgery to treat certain health issues. For assisted reproduction needs, in vitro fertiliization (IVF) continues to prove extremely effective and successful. IVF may be used in combination with other fertility services, such as egg donation or a surrogate carrier. The latter is especially important to consider if a woman runs a risk of a miscarriage should she carry a child of her own to term.

All of the above treatments can be discussed in greater detail during your visit to our practice.

Learn More About Fertility Treatment Options

For more information about female infertility and how our team can help you start the family of your dreams, be sure to contact our fertility specialists in New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Metairie, and Mandeville today. The entire team here looks forward to meeting you in person and helping you learn about your treatment options.